Richmond County Museum


Timeline of Richmond County's History

At The Richmond County Museum

The history of Richmond County, Virginia is brought to life with an interactive timeline of events, periods in history, and spotlights of historical figures and places.



Rappahannock Tribe: Richmond County Native American History

Rappahannock Tribe at the Richmond County Museum

Hundreds of years before English settlers arrived to establish Jamestown in 1607, Native Americans had been living along the river whose name they shared; Rappahannock in the Algonquian language means rising and falling (or tidal) water. In the area that is now Richmond County, fourteen Rappahannock towns were recorded by..Read More


Old Rappahannock County

Old Rappahannock County - Richmond County, Virginia

In 1650, Colonel Moore Fauntleroy, an emigrant from southern England, was granted a patent for 5, 350 acres on both sides of Farnham Creek and the first court for Lancaster County was held at his home there the next year. Because of the great distances to travel to court, in..Read More


Enslavement Law

Enslavement Law

A statute enacted by the Virginia General Assembly declared that children born to a Negro woman would be enslaved, in effect enabling planters to reproduce their own labor force. Subsequent Virginia laws further entrenched slavery: one passed in 1705 stated that “all Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion…shall..Read More


Richmond County Established

Linden Farm

Old Rappahannock County (which contained the land that is now Richmond County) straddled the Rappahannock River. In 1692, noting the inconvenience of crossing the river for court sessions, Rappahannock County justices petitioned the Virginia Assembly at Jamestown to divide the county again. The result produced two new counties, Essex on..Read More


Francis Lightfoot Lee and Patriots of the Revolution: 1776 – 1781

Francis Lightfoot Lee and Patriots of the Revolution

Born at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Francis Lightfoot Lee became a resident of Richmond County when he married Rebecca Tayloe of Mount Airy. Lee signed the Leedstown Resolutions against the Stamp Act in 1766 and was a member of the Virginia Convention of March 1775 in which the “Virginia Revolution..Read More


The War of 1812

The War of 1812 - Richmond County, Virginia

When Great Britain threatened American Shipping on the open sea, war was declared under President Madison in 1812. From early 1813, Richmond County provided infantry, artillery and cavalry for the conflict. In December, 1814 British Forces landed at Morattico on the Rappahnnock and marched to Farnham Church where a Richmond..Read More


Richmond Court House To Warsaw

Richmond Court House changed to Warsaw due to “widespread sympathy for the Polish struggle for freedom, climaxed by great uprisings in and around Old World Warsaw” (Ryland). The change was officially recorded in the Record of Appointment of Postmasters, Oct. 1789–1832 with the brief notation “Chang. to Warsaw 12th Jan...Read More


Reconstruction Period

“The Freedmen throughout my [Subdistrict] are nearly all at work. They seem to be generally at work more than they were last year and will make good crops, for the reason they have secured to themselves better land and teams than any previous year.” He continues: “They [Freedmen] are now..Read More


Industrial Academy

Industrial Academy of the Northern Neck

The Northern Neck Industrial Academy, the first African American High School in Richmond County, opened on October 1, 1901. On behalf of the academy, C. H. Carter, teacher and inventor, wrote a letter to the editor ofthe Northern Neck News which in part reads: “[it] is half a mile from..Read More


World War I, 1917-1918

Murvin Sisson Left And A Fellow Soldier Served Their Country in World War I

Two hundred and ninety-eight men from Richmond County served in World War I: of these twelve died in the war. Patriotism was in evidence in civic programs and religious services in the county as Red Cross volunteers worked to support the soldiers, sailors and airmen in uniform. Source: Richmond County..Read More


World War II, 1941-1945

551 Richmond County men were among approximately 300,000Virginianswho served in uniform, and more than 7,000 never returned home. With fathers, brothers, husbands, and sons off fighting for freedom, Richmond County women stepped into their shoes on tractors, behind typewriters, and in garages.   Source: Richmond County Virginia, A Review Commemorating..Read More




The Civil Rights Act, adopted on July 2, 1964, ended segregation in public places, federally funded programs and banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. In addition, the act strengthened the enforcement of voting rights and the desegregation of schools. In April 1965, Richmond County Public..Read More


Richmond County Celebrates its 300th Anniversary and our Museum is Founded

Tricentennial Richmond County, Virginia - Museum Dedication

Under the direction of a twelve-member Tricentennial Commission, Richmond County mounted a year-long celebration that included publishing a history of the county, surveying the county’s historical sites, and celebrating with parades, concerts, games, canoe races, speeches, and a costume ball. On May 23, 1992, after opening ceremonies at Sabine Hall..Read More


COVID-19 Pandemic

COVID-19 Pandemic in Richmond County, Virginia

Masks encouraged. Schools closed. Churches closed. Public gatherings prohibited. Stores, restaurants, and other places of businesses ordered to close early. These bans, placed into effect in the fall of 1918, were to help limit and contain the spread of the Spanish Influenza. Eerily, 100 years later, the same bans with..Read More